THE YORKSHIRE TERRIER
Quality, texture and quantity. These three little words are of prime importance in a Yorkie coat.
The hair should be long, silky, straight and cool to the touch. It should be dark steel blue on the
body and three shades of gold on the head and legs. This is basically the description of the perfect
Unfortunately, all Yorkies are not perfect. What I'd like to do here is address all types of coats.
We as breeders always strive for perfection, but there are always throwbacks to some ancestor
We sell these puppies because we can't use them in our breeding program and can't show them.
They usually go to a pet home where they are just loved for themselves. The problem is, most of
these pet home Mommies or Daddies have no idea what to do with the coat of their pet puppy
even if it is perfect.
I have been showing and breeding for many, many years and have encountered many different
kinds of coats. I will try to give you my advice on the different coats that I have run across.
Understand that I am not perfect. If anyone reading this has a better idea on how to take care of
a particular kind of coat, I will be glad to hear from them and will be glad to use their ideas on
Don't send me any "secret formulas" because they will not be secret for long. I believe in helping
everyone, not just keeping all the good stuff to myself. This article contains the products that I
use and have found works for me.
There are many different varieties of coats, but I am just going to discuss the three main
ones. From these three you should be able to develop your own formula for your particular
kind of coat.
The first coat is the "perfect" coat. As I talk about this one I will give you step by step
instructions on the care of not only the coat but the whole Yorkie. Most of these steps should
be applied to all Yorkies, what ever kind of coat they have. In the next two kinds of coats I will
point out the things to do differently.
First is to make sure your Yorkie is flea free. One flea on a Yorkie will ruin the coat. They
scratch and make a tangled mess of them- selves and Mommy or Daddy usually has to cut
them down in some kind of puppy cut.
There is nothing wrong with a pupp
made by Ring 5. It is a lusterizer, conditioner. I spray it on my brush (a Mason Pearson nylon
7 inch) and brush one section of the coat at a time. Another good spray product is
Always start from the bottom of the hair strand and work upward toward the body.
If you encounter any mats along thy cut. Mine are cut down after I show them so they can be
more comfortable and me too. But this article is mostly for those who want all the hair and are
willing to sacrifice the time and patience to grow it and keep it looking beautiful.
There are many new kinds of flea control on the market now and if used, will work. I use
front line in the summer once a month and then use the non toxic spray for the winter.
I live in the south and here the flea's are as big as our alligators. You can find the home page
for the non toxic spray on my Yorkie links page. It really works and it smells good. I also spray
my home and yard (any commercial spray) once a month in the summer and every three
months in the winter. I also use the non toxic spray for bedding, puppies and my pregnant
A good brushing every day is essential. You know what you would look like in a week if you
didn't brush your hair everyday. "Egad".
Never brush a dry coat. It breaks hair. I use "Coat Gloss"e way, use a pin brush (P.S.I. 25249) to get them out.
You can also use a slicker brush (any small one) for the really tough mats. I usually
only use the slicker on puppies.
Don't use the slicker on the thin coated dogs. Instead use a wide tooth metal comb.
Any mat or knot should be treated gently. Don't rip through the hair. Gently pick as
much apart with your fingers as you can and work from the ends up to get the mat out.
If you are wondering where to get all the products and tools that I use, I will post the name
and address of the supply company that I use at the end of this article. They will accept credit
cards, money orders or what ever and will ship. They are venders at the shows that I go to.
You should be able to find a show in your area. The vendors are great places to spend lots
of money. :) Some of the products have a link to a supply company that sells them as my
vendors don't carry them.
I believe in the weekly bath. Some breeders I know say every two weeks. I think it
depends on your Yorkie. If he's dirty, bathe him. Some of my "mud puppies" get two a week.
The worse thing next to fleas for the coat is dirt. First I brush him until all the tangles are
out. Pay particular attention to under the arms, legs, neck and behind the ears.
I use an ear cleaning solution (any brand) in their ears and gently with a q-tip clean them out.
If there is any hair in them, this should be removed. A hemostat works great but you can
also use tweezers. Too bad if you're squeamish. Those hairs have to go or your pup could
get an ear infection. (Squeemies see your Vet). Also I treat for ear mites once every three
months, just as a precaution.
Next check toenails. If they are too long, cut them. I know, you're gonna say "but what if
I make them bleed?". There is a product called "Quick-stop". If they bleed: First, "don't
panic". Second, just dab a little Quick-stop on the toenail and it stops the bleeding right
away. You can also use it on yourself for the teeth marks your Yorkie left on you for
cutting his nails too short. A good guide is the curve in the nail. I hold the clippers flat against
the upper part of the nail and whatever curves down into the clippers gets cut off. Buy the
ones for cats. They're smaller.
The next thing I do is check their teeth. Can't stand "Pee Yuu" breath. I brush their
teeth before every bath. I use the toothpaste I get from my Vet., and a baby toothbrush.
Sometimes they get built up tarter and I use one of those teeth cleaning tools I get from
my supplier and scrape them clean. Afraid to do it yourself? OK call your Vet. He'll do it
for about $100. If your Vet does it, get him to check your Yorkies teeth about once a year.
But you can brush them yourself!!!
Next, pull up top coat so only the leg hair is showing. Pick up one foot and trim all hair
off the pads and cut hair in a circle around the foot. If you're not showing and your Yorkie
has a lot of leg hair go ahead and shave the whole foot with the clippers. Just don't go too
Then pull leg hair down to just above floor length and cut in a circle. You want it above the
floor so he doesn't trip on it. When you pull the body hair down, it doesn't show. The idea
is to get the hair off his feet so he doesn't trip or slip. Now you can do the other three feet
on your own.
The body hair is cut a little longer. I comb the hair straight down and with my palm
facing the dogs body I put the hair between my index and middle fingers like they are
a pair of scissors. I bring my hand straight down to the table and lay my palm flat on the
table. The ends of the hair are sticking up between my fingers. I cut about one fourth inch
above my fingers. Sometimes I even cut myself. Ah! The joys of dog grooming.
For a semi-show cut, (a cut that looks long but easier to take care of) I use an oster clipper
with a 4F blade and start at the top of the neck and push the clippers toward the rear of the
dog. If you want the hair shorter use the same blade but start at the tail and push the clippers
toward the neck. I cut all the blue but leave the gold. I also cut the tail hair off.
On the sides I just cut a straight line between legs halfway between body and floor, without
cutting the leg hair. You can ease the clipper down on the sides to taper the hair. I cut the
muzzle to 1" but taper longer toward the back to blend in with the neck hair. Sometimes I leave
the topknot about 6" long so I can still put a pony tail in. This is how all my boy's are cut once
they're finished showing and they love it.
This is the "Judge" in a semi-show cut without the topknot. See how happy he is?
He's smiling. :)
We all know that dogs will mark in the house occasionally unless they are well trained.
For the fastidious pet owners, I suggest you use either panties for girls or a belly band for boys.
Just slip a half of a kotex in them and you can take your dog out without fear of them marking.
I get mine from
Next step are the
ears. The tips
should not have any hair on them. Using a pair of clippers
Tammie Ford now has a line of shampoo and conditioner that
using and I've
Tell Trish Cookie sent
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